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Beta and Gamma Wolf

In the previous article, we talked about Alpha and Omega wolves, the first and last ranks in a wolf pack.

In this new article, we will discuss Beta and Gamma wolves, the second and third ranks in a wolf pack, equally important in the organization of a social system. By definition, a species is considered social if the encounter of several individuals in a given space is a regular event and not impromptu, meaning that individuals live in couples, families, or structured groups over an extended period.

What is a Beta wolf?

These wolves occupy the second rank, just below the Alpha couple. Their instinctive mission is to protect the Alpha couple, like bodyguards. They make every effort to divert dangers and safeguard the precious pack leaders. Betas are the largest and most fearless wolves in the family, vigorous enforcers of the pack’s rules under the leadership of the Alpha couple.

Beta wolves mark their territory by depositing secreted odors from glands located under their toes. They also leave claw marks in strategic locations. Some call them the « enforcers » of the Alpha couple. In potential danger, they also serve as scouts.

The line of their back, although supported, is less distinct than that of an Alpha. The howl of a Beta wolf is less deep than that of an Alpha, although still guttural. It resonates three to four times longer than an Alpha’s howl, reinforcing and prolonging the calls of the pack. A Beta wolf will approach you first to assess danger and test you. However, when in proximity to the Alpha couple, it will lower its head and tail to show submission. Nevertheless, it is the most capable of replacing the Alpha male if he were to die or lose his position, particularly during the breeding season.

What is a Gamma wolf?

Gamma wolves occupy the third rank, below the Beta wolves. Their instinctive missions are to control the territory and create the illusion of greater numbers with precise positioning techniques, making the pack appear larger. This is a strategy for defending and protecting the territory.

As the Gamma wolves’ diet varies, their scent marking also varies, serving as a way to deceive and drive away wolves outside the pack.

Regarding howling, Gamma wolves emit a symphony of sounds, including barks, yips, howls, and growls. Gammas are highly suspicious, nervous, and sensitive to the approach of danger, which they constantly watch for. They stand guard, patrolling the territory to quickly alert the Betas and Alphas to any new elements, ensuring the pack’s safety. The Betas and Alphas rely on them to sound the alarm and maintain order within the clan.

Wolves are incredibly intelligent, instinctive animals that exude trust and balance within their pack. Observing them live awakens our consciousness, without a doubt!

Don’t wait until it’s too late to understand.
We must think of future generations. The breath of each species, whether plant, animal, or human, should remain with what it has created for the survival of all.

It is each of our duties to be curious about the world around us, nurturing our reflections that generally lead to respect.

Artificial intelligence translation of an original text by Sandrine Devienne.
Click here to read the French version

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